Adding Graf+® Graphite Powders to Enhance Electrical and Thermal Conductivity, and More

Overview

Graphite powders are widely used as additives to enhance electrical and thermal conductivity, reduce degradation to UV radiation, increase insulation value in foams and modify lubrication, friction & wear characteristics.

NeoGraf’s Graf+® Graphite Powders

shutterstock_242248792

NeoGraf Solutions manufactures natural and synthetic graphite powders and nanoplatelets within the Graf+® product line. Graf+ graphite powders are available in a range of particle sizes and purities depending on the end-use application. The graphite powders are available as dry powders, compounded with polymers (masterbatches) or as pastes. Graf+ graphite powders comes in three main variations

  1. Natural graphite (NG) derived from naturally occurring flake graphite
  2. Expanded Natural Graphite (ENG) in which flake graphite is intercalated with acids and then expanded at high temperatures to produce a higher surface area powder
  3. Synthetic Graphite (SG) derived from either graphitized coke, polyimide or a pitch coke/blend

All the above materials are available as jet milled powders over the particle size range of ~ 5-25 µm with coarser sieved fractions available on request. Graphite purity varies from < 95% Carbon to > 99.9% Carbon. Typical properties and purity levels are shown here. These powders can all be made available in masterbatches that are tailored for use in Polystyrene (PS), Low-Density Polyethylene (LDPE) or Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) applications. The powders can also be combined with mineral oil and petrolatum to produce pastes. 

Common Applications for Graphite Powders

Graf+ graphite  powders are suitable for a broad range of applications and used primarily in the building and construction, energy storage, conducting polymer and lubricant markets. Graf+ graphite powders are commonly used as additives in batteries, foams, greases, lubricants, polymers, fuel cells, paints, adhesives, and coatings. Example applications include:  

  • In extruded polystyrene (XPS) foam boards expanded graphite materials provide multiple functions. Addition of as little as 1-3% graphite:
    1. Improves thermal insulation value ~ 14-18% by attenuating infrared radiation
    2. Acts as an ultraviolet light UV stabilizer
    3. Acts as a gas barrier
    4. During foaming the graphite acts as a nucleating agent and modifies the rheology of the blowing agent-laden polystyrene melt and reduces the amount of static on the board surface during the shaping process
    5. Recommended grade Graf+20-B-ENG
  • In battery applications (alkaline, li-ion, lead acid) both natural and expanded natural graphite materials are commonly used as conductive additives, providing excellent thermal and electrical conductivity, chemical stability and high purity. Expanded graphite, by virtue of its higher surface area, is used where the goal is to maximize the active material content. Recommended grade Graf+20-A-ENG
  • In thread sealant pastes for long life sealing performance even under the most severe temperature and pressure conditions.
  • In polymers to increase electrical and thermal conductivity for anti-static, static dissipative and conducting polymer applications.

Rooted in 135 years of industry experience, NeoGraf Solutions offers the most in-depth knowledge and expertise concerning graphite powders and the latest flexible graphite solutions and materials. We specialize in the development and manufacture of high-quality, environmentally-sustainable natural and synthetic graphite sourced in North America and manufactured in-house. Interested in learning more? Contact us today to discuss whether our flexible graphite products are right for your application.

For more information on our products and services, please contact us.